CPR Information

Cardiac arrests are more common than you think, and they can happen to anyone at any time.
  • Nearly 383,000 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrests occur annually.
  • Many victims appear healthy with no known heart disease or other risk factors.
The life you save with CPR is mostly likely to be a loved one.
  • Four out of five cardiac arrests happen at home.
  • Statistically speaking, the life you save is likely to be someone at home: a child, a spouse, a parent or a friend.
  • Failure to act in a cardiac emergency can lead to unnecessary deaths.
  • Effective bystander CPR can double or triple a victim’s chance of survival, but only 32% of cardiac arrest victims get CPR from a bystander.
  • Sadly, less than 8% of people who suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital survive.


  1. History
  2. Whats the risk

   The Paris Academy of Sciences officially recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.

1767   The Society for the Recovery of Drowned Persons became the first organized effort to deal with sudden and unexpected death.

1891   Dr. Friedrich Maass performed the first equivocally documented chest compression in humans. 
1903   Dr. George Crile reported the first successful use of external chest compressions in human resuscitation.

1904   The first American case of closed-chest cardiac massage was performed by Dr. George Crile.

1954   James Elam was the first to prove that expired air was sufficient to maintain adequate oxygenation.

1956   Peter Safar and James Elam invented mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

1957   The United States military adopted the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation method to revive unresponsive victims.

1960   Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The American Heart Association started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation and became the forerunner of CPR training for the general public. 

   Leonard Cobb held the world's first mass citizen training in CPR in Seattle, Washington called Medic 2.  He helped train over 100,000 people the first two years of the programs.

1981 A program to provide telephone instructions in CPR began in King County, Washington.  The program used emergency dispatchers to give instant directions while the fire department and EMT personnel were en route to the scene.  Dispatcher-assisted CPR is now standard care for dispatcher centers throughout the United States.

1990s Early Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) programs are developed with the goal in mind to provide training and resources to the public so they are able to aid in the successful resuscitation of sudden cardiac arrest victims.

1999 First task force on first aid was appointed

 First International Conference on Guidelines for CPR and ECC.

2005 AHA developed the Family & Friends® CPR Anytime®  kit, a revolutionary product that allows anyone to learn the core skills of CPR in just 20 minutes. The kit contains everything needed to learn basic CPR, AED skills and choking relief anywhere, from the comfort of your home to a large group setting.

2008 The AHA releases a statement about Hands-Only™ CPR, saying that bystanders who witness the sudden collapse of an adult should dial 911 and provide high-quality chest compressions by pushing hard and fast in the middle of the victim’s chest.